Alain Prost - McLaren



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14o Grande Premio do BrasilApril 7th 1985Brazil BrazilJacarepagua
Grande Premio de PortugalApril 21st 1985Portugal PortugalAutodromo do Estoril
5o Gran Premio di San MarinoMay 5th 1985San Marino San MarinoAutodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
43e Grand Prix Automobile de MonacoMay 19th 1985Monaco MonacoCircuit de Monaco
Grand Prix Labatt du CanadaJune 16th 1985Canada CanadaCircuit Gilles Villeneuve
United States Grand PrixJune 23rd 1985USA USADetroit
71e Grand Prix de FranceJuly 7th 1985France FranceASA Circuit Paul Ricard, Circuit du Castellet
Marlboro British Grand PrixJuly 21st 1985Great-Britain Great-BritainSilverstone Circuits Ltd.
Grosser Preis von DeutschlandAugust 4th 1985Germany GermanyNurburgring
23. Grosser Preis von OsterreichAugust 18th 1985Austria AustriaOsterreichring
34e Grote Prijs van NederlandAugust 25th 1985The Netherlands The NetherlandsCircuit Park Zandvoort
Gran Premio d'ItaliaSeptember 8th 1985Italy ItalyAutodromo Nazionale di Monza
32th Grand Prix of BelgiumSeptember 15th 1985Belgium BelgiumCircuit National de Francorchamps
Shell Oils Grand Prix of EuropeOctober 6th 1985Great-Britain Great-BritainBrands Hatch
Southern Sun Hotels Grand Prix of South AfricaOctober 19th 1985South Africa South AfricaKyalami Grand Prix Circuit
Mitsubishi Australian Grand PrixNovember 3rd 1985Australia Australia

Adelaide Street Circuit


1985 Formula One season

The 1985 Formula One season was the 36th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on April 7, 1985, and ended on November 3 after sixteen races.


Season summary

The 1985 formula one season saw continued success for the McLaren-TAG team. After missing out on the championship by just half a point the previous year, Alain Prost would ultimately secure his first of four titles by a 23-point margin. The Formula One writer Koen Vergeer remarks that "it was about time, everyone knew he was the best",[citation needed] reflecting a general feeling that Prost had been unlucky to finish runner-up twice, to Nelson Piquet and Niki Lauda.

The reigning champion Lauda competed in his final season of Formula One but was unable to match Prost for results, winning just once at Zandvoort despite being close to his team-mate in terms of pace. For much of the season the points table was headed by Ferrari's Michele Alboreto, who enjoyed his best season in F1. He won the Canadian and German Grands Prix, and was on the podium eight times. Ferrari's results faded badly in the second half of the season as other emerging drivers took the fight to Prost.

Among these were Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, both of whom scored their first victories in 1985. Lotus team manager Peter Warr had replaced Mansell with Senna going into the season, a decision which initially seemed justified when Senna took a superb win in the wet at Estoril. However Mansell fought back with Williams, and chalked up two victories near the season's end, including his famous breakthrough win at Brands Hatch. Mansell would go on to mount a serious title challenge in 1986. Perhaps the fastest combination of the year was Keke Rosberg in the other Williams, who used the powerful Honda engine to set a new lap record around Silverstone in qualifying for the British Grand Prix - becoming the first man to lap at an average speed of over 160 mph (257 km/h). He finished third in the standings after wins on the street circuits of Detroit and Adelaide, but lacked the reliability to overcome Prost.

1.5-litre turbo engines had become universal by 1985, heralding the extinction of the Ford Cosworth DFV. Between 1985 and 1986 Formula One engines would achieve the highest levels of power ever seen in the sport, before serious restrictions and their 'phasing out' began in 1987. The power output of the engines was controlled in racing conditions by means of a strict fuel limit; however in qualifying trim teams were commonly able to increase the boost of their engines for optimum power. This fuel economy was key to successful race strategy in 1985; Mansell recalls the added interest of planning his fuel use in his autobiography. It also proved costly for Ayrton Senna, who lost victory just four laps from home at Imola when he ran out of fuel. After Prost was disqualified for an underweight McLaren, victory fell to the other Lotus of Elio de Angelis.

1985 also saw a welcome return to the calendar of the Spa-Francorchamps circuit in Belgium. Although shortened from its dangerous 1960s form, it remained a challenge for the drivers. It also caused one of the few cancellations of Grands Prix in the sport's history, when the new all-weather track surface broke up badly during practice. Extensive repairs were needed and the race was rescheduled for later in the year; Senna was the winner, with Prost finishing on the podium again to take a big step towards his first championship.

The Dutch Grand Prix was the last Grand Prix for Stefan Bellof, who died in the World Sports Car Championship race at Spa Francorchamps in the famous Eau Rouge corner. He was the reigning world champion in this series, but decided against running for the Porsche factory team in 1985, to concentrate on formula 1, but was still driving in various WSC races for the private Brun team. Until his death Stefan Bellof was one of the rising stars in racing, being rumored to having an offer to drive for Ferrari in 1986. The summer of 1985 was remembered as the sadest weeks for German racing, as both German formula one drivers, Manfred Winkelhock and Stefan Bellof died within three weeks in WSC races.

Drivers and constructors

EntrantConstructorChassisEngineTyresNoDriverTest driver(s)
Flag of the United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren InternationalMcLarenMP4/2BTAG TTE PO1 1.5 V6TG1Flag of Austria Niki Laudan/a
Flag of the United Kingdom John Watson
2Flag of France Alain Prost
Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing OrganisationTyrrell012Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
Renault EF4B 1.5 V6T
G3/4Flag of the United Kingdom Martin Brundlen/a
Flag of Germany Stefan Bellof
4Flag of Sweden Stefan Johansson
Flag of Italy Ivan Capelli
Flag of France Philippe Streiff
Flag of the United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda TeamWilliamsFW10Honda RA164E 1.5 V6TG5Flag of the United Kingdom Nigel MansellFlag of New Zealand Mike Thackwell
6Flag of Finland Keke Rosberg
Flag of the United Kingdom Motor Racing DevelopmentsBrabhamBT54BMW M12/13 1.5 L4TP7Flag of Brazil Nelson PiquetFlag of the United Kingdom Barry Sheene
Flag of Italy Emanuele Pirro
Flag of Italy Franco Uncini
Flag of Italy Marco Lucchinelli
Flag of the United States Willy T. Ribbs
8Flag of France François Hesnault
Flag of Switzerland Marc Surer
Flag of the United Kingdom Skoal Bandit Formula 1 TeamRAM03Hart 415T 1.5 L4TP9Flag of Germany Manfred Winkelhockn/a
9/10Flag of France Philippe Alliot
10Flag of the United Kingdom Kenny Acheson
Flag of the United Kingdom John Player Special Team LotusLotus97TRenault EF15 1.5 V6TG11Flag of Italy Elio de Angelisn/a
12Flag of Brazil Ayrton Senna
Flag of France Equipe Renault ElfRenaultRS60
Renault EF4B 1.5 V6T
Renault EF15 1.5 V6T
G14Flag of France François Hesnaultn/a
15Flag of France Patrick Tambay
16Flag of the United Kingdom Derek Warwick
Flag of the United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMWArrowsA8BMW M12/13 1.5 L4TG17Flag of Austria Gerhard Bergern/a
18Flag of Belgium Thierry Boutsen
Flag of the United Kingdom Toleman Group MotorsportTolemanTG185Hart 415T 1.5 L4TP19Flag of Italy Teo FabiFlag of Italy Alessandro Nannini
Flag of Italy Emanuele Pirro
Flag of Spain Luis Perez-Sala
Flag of Italy Gabriele Tarquini
Flag of Argentina Oscar Larrauri
Flag of Germany Volker Weidler
20Flag of Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani
Flag of the United Kingdom Spirit Enterprises LtdSpirit101DHart 415T 1.5 L4TP21Flag of Italy Mauro Baldin/a
Flag of Italy Benetton Team Alfa RomeoAlfa Romeo184TB
Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8TG22Flag of Italy Riccardo PatreseFlag of Italy Giorgio Francia
23Flag of the United States Eddie Cheever
Flag of Italy Osella Squadra CorseOsellaFA1FAlfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8TP24Flag of Italy Piercarlo GhinzaniFlag of Italy Giorgio Francia
Flag of the Netherlands Huub Rothengatter
Flag of France Equipe Ligier
Flag of France Equipe Ligier Gitanes
LigierJS25Renault EF4B 1.5 V6TP25Flag of Italy Andrea de CesarisFlag of France Michel Ferté
Flag of France Philippe Streiff
26Flag of France Jacques Laffite
Flag of Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFACFerrari156/85Ferrari 031 1.5 V6TG27Flag of Italy Michele AlboretoFlag of the United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries
28Flag of France René Arnoux
Flag of Sweden Stefan Johansson
Flag of Italy Minardi Team SpAMinardiM185Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
Motori Moderni Tipo 615-90 1.5 V6T
P29Flag of Italy Pierluigi MartiniFlag of Italy Michele Alboreto
Flag of Germany West Zakspeed RacingZakspeed841Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4TG30Flag of the United Kingdom Jonathan Palmern/a
Flag of Germany Christian Danner
Flag of the United States Team Haas (USA) LtdLolaTHL1Hart 415T 1.5 L4TG33Flag of Australia Alan Jonesn/a

Season review

RoundRaceDateLocationWinning driverConstructorReport
1Flag of Brazil Brazilian Grand PrixApril 7JacarepaguáFlag of France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
2Flag of Portugal Portuguese Grand PrixApril 21EstorilFlag of Brazil Ayrton SennaLotus-RenaultReport
3Flag of San Marino San Marino Grand PrixMay 5ImolaFlag of Italy Elio de AngelisLotus-RenaultReport
4Flag of Monaco Monaco Grand PrixMay 19MonacoFlag of France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
5Flag of Canada Canadian Grand PrixJune 16Circuit Gilles VilleneuveFlag of Italy Michele AlboretoFerrariReport
6Flag of the United States Detroit Grand PrixJune 23DetroitFlag of Finland Keke RosbergWilliams-HondaReport
7Flag of France French Grand PrixJuly 7Paul RicardFlag of Brazil Nelson PiquetBrabham-BMWReport
8Flag of the United Kingdom British Grand PrixJuly 21SilverstoneFlag of France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
9Flag of Germany German Grand PrixAugust 4NürburgringFlag of Italy Michele AlboretoFerrariReport
10Flag of Austria Austrian Grand PrixAugust 18ÖsterreichringFlag of France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
11Flag of the Netherlands Dutch Grand PrixAugust 25ZandvoortFlag of Austria Niki LaudaMcLaren-TAGReport
12Flag of Italy Italian Grand PrixSeptember 8MonzaFlag of France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
13Flag of Belgium Belgian Grand PrixSeptember 15Spa-FrancorchampsFlag of Brazil Ayrton SennaLotus-RenaultReport
14Flag of the United Kingdom European Grand PrixOctober 6Brands HatchFlag of the United Kingdom Nigel MansellWilliams-HondaReport
15Flag of South Africa South African Grand PrixOctober 19KyalamiFlag of the United Kingdom Nigel MansellWilliams-HondaReport
16Flag of Australia Australian Grand PrixNovember 3AdelaideFlag of Finland Keke RosbergWilliams-HondaReport

1985 Constructors Championship final standings

1Flag of the United Kingdom McLaren-TAGMP4/2BTAG Porsche P01G906122
2Flag of Italy Ferrari156/85Ferrari 031G822101
3Flag of the United Kingdom Williams-HondaFW10
Honda RA163EG71483
4Flag of the United Kingdom Lotus-Renault97TRenault EF4B
Renault EF15
5Flag of the United Kingdom Brabham-BMWBT54BMW M12/13P26121
6Flag of France Ligier-RenaultJS25Renault EF4BP23
7Flag of France RenaultRE60
Renault EF4B
Renault EF15
8Flag of the United Kingdom Arrows-BMWA8BMW M12/13G14
9Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford012Ford DFVG4

10Flag of the United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault014Renault EF4B
Renault EF15

11Flag of Italy Minardi-Motori ModerniM85BMotori Moderni Tipo 615-90P

12Flag of Italy Alfa Romeo184T
Alfa Romeo 890TG

13Flag of the United Kingdom RAM-Hart03Hart 415TP

14Flag of Italy Osella-Alfa RomeoFA1F
Alfa Romeo 890TP

15Flag of the United Kingdom Toleman-HartTG185Hart 415TP

16Flag of the United Kingdom Spirit-Hart101DHart 415TP

17Flag of the United Kingdom Lola-HartTHL1Hart 415TG

18Flag of Italy Minardi-FordM85Ford DFVP

19Flag of Germany Zakspeed841Zakspeed 1500/4G

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